Shaping is a very important skill, while you are working on a crochet project. In this post I will explain 4 x most common ways of shaping by increase technique. It should be noted that this post describes techniques for flat projects worked in rows or joined circles.

I am planning a specific blog post about how to shape Amigurumis so stay tuned in :).

As a beginner crocheter you probably follow religiously a pattern found on internet or in a magazine. Once you finish few projects you will realise how the stitches fit together and how the mechanics work.

These are all the elements you can reuse in your own designs later or it helps you to  guess how certain pieces are done or shaped and potentially discover pattern errors or modify the pattern for your own fit / use.

1. Single Increase within a row

This shaping technique gives you a mild hump somewhere in the middle of your flat project. It is used e.g. when shaping a sleeve of a jumper or making an “A” line soft frill skirt.

  1. Crochet until to the position of the increase as per your pattern instructions.
  2. For demonstration I will show you an increase in 11th position of 20 SC base chain stitches. IMG_0262
  3. I worked 10 SC (how to make single crochet stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) IMG_2552
  4. Increase is usually marked as INC, therefore in case of SC it will look like e.g. 1 x INC SC, translated from crochet language you do 1 x single crochet stitch increase.
  5. How to make 1x INC SC: Insert a hook into the 11th stitch and crochet SC. Once completed. Insert the hook into the same stitch, you have just worked on! IMG_5619Work the stitch exactly in the same manner as the first SC in the 11th stitch.
  6. You have completed 1 x INC SC. IMG_1068
  7. Continue with your pattern, in my case I crocheted another 10 x SC till the end. IMG_8733
  8. Make 1 CH (how to make chain stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) for turning your work.
  9. Turn your project and work 11SC, 1x INC SC, 10x SC – that means your increase point will be always at the same spot. IMG_8267

2. Double Increase within a row

This shaping technique gives you a sharp hump somewhere in the middle of your flat project. It is used e.g. when shaping a blanket edges or making an “A” line sharp frill skirt.

  1. Crochet until to the position of the increase as per your pattern instructions.
  2. For demonstration I will show you an increase in 11th position of 20 SC base chain stitches.
  3. I worked 10 SC (how to make single crochet stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) IMG_1396
  4. Increase is usually marked as INC, therefore in case of SC it will look like e.g. 1 x INC SC, translated from crochet language you do 1 x single crochet stitch increase, however in this part, we will make double INC SC.
  5. How to make 1x INC SC: Insert a hook into the 11th stitch and crochet SC. Once completed. Insert the hook into the same stitch, you have just worked on! IMG_6287Work the stitch exactly in the same manner as the first SC in the 11th stitch.
  6. You have completed 1 x INC SC.
  7. Insert the hook into the same stitch, you have just worked on! Work the stitch exactly in the same manner as the first SC in the 11th stitch.
  8. You have completed second 1 x INC SC. = double INC SC IMG_4528
  9. It means in total you will have 3 x SC stitches in one stitch to make a double INC SC. IMG_3263
  10. Continue with your pattern, in my case I crocheted another 10 x SC till the end.
  11. Make 1 CH (how to make chain stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) for turning your work.
  12. Turn your project and work 11SC, 1x double INC SC, 10x SC – that means your increase point will be always at the same spot. IMG_1785

3. Increasing at the end of a row

This shaping technique gives you a mild stepped increase at the end of a row of your flat project. How steep is the step or how mild is the shaping transition depends how many stitches you add in.

It is used e.g. when shaping a blanket edges, sleeves, triangle shapes from bottom up or other geometrical and non-geometrical shapes.

  1. Crochet until to the position of the increase as per your pattern instructions.
  2. For demonstration I will show you an increase at the end of 20 SC base chain stitches. IMG_9026
  3. I worked 20 SC (how to make single crochet stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) IMG_6912
  4. Increase is usually marked as INC, therefore in case of SC it will look like e.g. 1 x INC SC, translated from crochet language you do 1 x single crochet stitch increase.
  5. How to make 1x INC SC: Insert a hook into the 20th stitch and crochet SC. IMG_8555Once completed. Insert the hook into the same stitch, you have just worked on! Work the stitch exactly in the same manner as the first SC in the 20th stitch.
  6. You have completed 1 x INC SC at the end of the row.
  7. Make 1 CH (how to make chain stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) for turning your work. IMG_2655
  8. Repeat steps 5. – 6. and continue till the end of the row. IMG_5966

4. Stepped increasing at the end of a row

This shaping technique gives you a very sharp stepped increase at the end of a row of your flat project. How long is the step depends how many chain stitches you add in at the end of the row.

It is used e.g. when shaping a blanket edges, garments, decorative items other geometrical and non-geometrical shapes.

  1. Crochet until to the position of the increase as per your pattern instructions.
  2. For demonstration I will show you an increase at the end of 20 SC base chain stitches.
  3. I worked 20 SC (how to make single crochet stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) IMG_9672
  4. Work 2 full rows with turns at the end of each row.
  5. Work almost till the end of the next row before the increasing will happen. Leave 6 stitches unworked (in my case). In total I worked only 14 SC. IMG_4611
  6. Remove your hook from the loop and lock it in the marker or safety pin. IMG_7269
  7. Join in a new ball of yarn ( for visualisation I used a different colour yarn – purple) to the last stitch of the previous row in the stitch 20th (how to join a new yarn have a look here 4 Easy Ways How to Join Yarns ) IMG_2245
  8. Work a single chain for each additional stitch required. In my case I worked 4 CH. IMG_3338
  9. Fasten off the new yarn (in my case purple yarn) and return the hook into the locked stitch. IMG_6940
  10. Work the remaining 6 unworked stitches and across the new section of 4 CH stitches in the same manner as for the foundation chain.
  11. Make 1 CH (how to make chain stitch, have a look here Chain stitch & Single Crochet Stitch ) for turning your work. IMG_2635

 

In the next post I will explain shaping of flat projects by decrease techniques, so if you want to learn or refresh your crocheting knowledge, subscribe to my blog so you won’t miss it!

I.

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