Today, I would like to explain the basic crochet stitches: Chain and Single Crochet Stitch.

Chain Stitch

Chain stitch is widely used in more than just crochet techniques. Sewing & embroidery are using chain stitch as a series of looped stitches on the surface of the fabric, creating chain – like pattern.

It can be curved or strait and does not need to be done through multiple layers of fabric so it is heavily used in surface embroidery styles. Further macramé and needlelace are using also a type of chain stitch.

In crochet chain stitch is used as a starter of the project:

  • chain as 1st row of your flat project (2D mathematical shapes: e.g. square, rectangle, triangle etc)
  • connected chain into circle for circular projects with middle hole
  • short chain (2 stitches only) for circular projects without middle hole, it subsidies usage of magic ring ( How to start crocheting – Slip Knot & Magic Ring

Crochet chain stitch as part of your project:


  • chain as a string ( shoelaces, hat strings, strings too tie something etc)
  • chain for button holes and any other openings in the middle of your project
  • chain to create loops (e.g. flower petals)

How to do Chain Stitch

Start with slip knot (How to start crocheting – Slip Knot & Magic Ring):

  1. yarn over, pull trough the slip knot loop on the hook
  2. repeat until you have reach required number of chain stitches 🙂 that is it !

Also you can watch my video on youtube: How to do Crochet Chain Stitch.

Single Crochet Stitch

Single Crochet Stitch abbreviated as SC and in British terminology known as double crochet stitch (dc) is used for majority of amigurumi, clothes and home decoration projects.

Single crochet is the shortest and most basic of all stitches. Unless stated in the pattern, the slip knot on the hook (1st chain stitch) is never worked and you always start with the 2nd chain stitch from the hook.

How to do Single Crochet Stitch

  1. Start with slip knot (How to start crocheting – Slip Knot & Magic Ring).
  2. Chain stitches until you obtain the required number (how to do chain stitch refer here in above). IMG_8546
  3. Work 1 more extra chain stitch (it is called turning stitch) in case you going to do flat project worked in rows. In case you are doing amigurumi you going to work in spirals – follow the pattern.


4.  Insert the hook from front to back, through the second chain from the hook.


5.  Take the yarn from back to front over the hook. This is called as yarn over (yo). IMG_3544

6.  Catch this section of yarn in the barb of the hook Draw the hook backwards to pull the yarn through the loop of the chain stitch. IMG_2403

7.  There are 2 loops on the hook. IMG_3142

8.  Wrap the yarn over the hook in the same manner as before.

9.  Draw the hook backwards to pull the yarn through both loops on the hook.

10.  One loop remains on the hook and the stitch is completed. IMG_7031

11.  Take the hook, from front to back through the next chain. Repeat until you reach the end of the row. img_9998.jpg12.  Work single chain stitch (turning) and turn your work.


13.  All other rows: take the hook, from front to back, behind the top of the last SC in the previous row. Insertion of the hook is into both loops of the stitch as per the picture. Yarn over and pull through both stitch loops leaving 2 loops of yarn on the hook. Yarn over and pull the yarn through both loops on the hook to complete the stitch. Continue until the piece measures the required length or pattern directs you to do something different.

To see how the single crochet stitch is worked in a motion have a look on my video link here: Single Crochet Stitch and here with turning chain stitch : Single Crochet Stitch – Turning.

And that is all for chain and single crochet stitch, I hope I helped some of the crochet starters or helped someone, who already is crocheting, but did not know how to turn the work.

Happy crocheting!


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